Manuka Honey MGO and UMF Ratings Compared

Most genuine high-grade manuka honey from New Zealand includes a UMF rating on the label. Some honey producers instead use an MG or MGO rating. Honeys without a UMF or MG/MGO rating are generally low-grade honey without the beneficial characteristics that have made premium manuka honey so much in demand.

Please also see:

Manuka Honey UMF vs MGO Calculator
Manuka Honey Buyer’s Guide
The Top Manuka Honeys on Amazon.com
The Top Manuka Honeys on Amazon Germany

NPA stands for non-peroxide activity, the property that makes certain grades of UMF and MGO manuka honey special. Those manuka honeys that carry only a ‘total activity’ or ‘peroxide activity’ rating do not have this special NPA property and should be considered low-grade honey.

UMF ratings are based on specific natural markers characteristic of manuka honey, such as leptosperin and methylglyoxal. UMF ratings correspond to the potency of the desirable NPA properties of honey. Typically honey with NPA between 5 and 9.9 are labelled UMF 5+, honey with NPA ratings between 10.0 and 14.9 are rated UMF 10+, and so on.

MGO is methylglyoxal, sometimes referred to as MG.

Use this table to convert between manuka honey UMF, MGO and NPA ratings.

UMF RatingMinimum MGO*
Methylglyoxal
Minimum NPA**
Non-Peroxide Activity
UMF 20+82920.0
UMF 18+69218.0
UMF 15+55015.6
UMF 15+51415.0
UMF 12+40012.9
UMF 12+35412.0
UMF 10+26310.0
UMF 5+1005.6
UMF 5+835.0
-302.7
* MGO is measured as mg/kg (ppm)
** NPA is measured as % solution (%w/v) of phenol/water

 

Examples of how to read this table:

UMF 15+ honey has a minimum MGO 514.

MGO 400 honey would be rated UMF 12+ (or UMF 10+).

MGO 550 honey would be rated UMF 15+.

UMF 20+ honey has a minimum MGO 829.

This graph from a scientific research paper shows the correlation between MGO and NPA. Graph courtesy Andrew Robinson, The Honey Store.

Graph correlation between MGO methylglyoxal and NPA non-peroxide activity

The official UMF honey association website umf.org.nz at one stage offered an online calculator that converted from MG/MGO to NPA/UMF and back the other way.

Screenshot NPA-MGO calculator

That UMF Association MGO/UMF calculator is no longer available.

Instead, use our free online UMF vs MGO calculator.

 

ExportX represents New Zealand manuka honey brands in the USA, Canada, UK, Germany, France, Spain and Italy, including manuka honeys from Happy Valley, Taku Honey, Melora, Wild Cape and Manukora.

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38 Responses to Manuka Honey MGO and UMF Ratings Compared

  1. hech 9 May 2016 at 10:21 am #

    Very nice info great.

    • Jukie 7 February 2017 at 12:16 pm #

      Does anyone know…do the letters UMF need to appear on the honey container? Mine just says +12 and another is K Factor 16. I’m confused

    • Paul Grey 9 February 2017 at 12:13 pm #

      Jukie, thanks for your question.

      If your honey label shows the trademarked UMF symbol and/or carries a UMF rating, then it will have been lab-tested for the markers that identify genuine manuka honey, including the unique-to-manuka leptosperin compound and the methylglyoxal (MGO) content.

      If your honey label shows an MGO rating and is from New Zealand, then there’s a good chance it is genuine, although it may not have had the full suite of UMF certifications.

      If your honey shows neither UMF nor MGO then it is more likely a low-grade honey blend which might have a little bit of manuka honey in it, or might not.

      Your honey showing +12, that might be a so-called “total activity” rating, which isn’t much use when it comes to genuine manuka honey, because any old table honey probably has “total activity.” Total activity is, unfortunately, misleadingly and confusingly, often used to present low-grade honey blends to look as though they are equivalent to genuine high-grade manuka honey.

      Be suspicious of any honey jar that mentions ‘total activity’. Regulations in New Zealand prohibit the use of the term “total activity” on honey labels.

      You mention that your other honey has a KFactor 16 rating. According to the Wedderspoon website, KFactor is a measure of the pollen count in honey. Scientists have for at least 3 or 4 years strongly advised against using pollen count to measure manuka honey. Why? There are several reasons.

      Firstly, honey isn’t made from pollen, it’s made from nectar.
      Secondly, manuka flowers do not produce much pollen.
      Thirdly, manuka pollen is almost indistinguishable from other types of pollen such as kanuka pollen. Kanuka is a similar-looking New Zealand tree but its nectar and honey does not have the same special attributes as manuka honey.
      Fourthly, as New Zealand beekeepers have often pointed out, bees do not like manuka pollen. They’ll collect manuka nectar, and if they need pollen they’ll visit other types of trees (such as kanuka).

      The consequence is that, for manuka honey, a honey rating based on pollen count isn’t actually measuring what’s in the honey. For manuka honey, a KFactor rating is no more useful than a total activity rating.

      In summary, genuine manuka honey will show either a methylglyoxal (MGO) content or a UMF rating. The UMF rating is the more complete certification of genuine manuka honey because it covers MGO and a variety of other tests based on the latest science.

      Honey without either UMF or MGO on its label? Probably not the real thing.

    • Beagle 10 September 2017 at 9:30 pm #

      A bit if info on the inventer of UMF now favours MGO and MGS

      http://www.mgs.org.nz/dr-peter-molan

  2. Kristina 9 June 2016 at 8:31 pm #

    I recently bought from ALDI store “Manuka Honey M 30+ ” made by Bramwells. Can someone tell me if M 30+ is legit or not.

    • Paul Grey 20 June 2016 at 10:32 am #

      Kristina, thank you for your post. If you could send more information about your honey, such as a link to where it’s available online or a photo of its label, someone might be able to identify it. “M 30+” is not a rating generally used in New Zealand, which suggests that it’s not a UMF-grade honey, and is more likely to be a low-grade blend of bush honeys.

    • Beagle 4 September 2017 at 9:49 pm #

      Hello Kristina I have never seen 30+ manuka honey , the conclusion is it is likley MGO = to 2.7 NPA (now known as MGS) or UMF, 2.7 MGS & UMF is different names for the same test, if it is TA then it is not manuka or it is a manuka blend, anything below a 5+ MGS or UMF is not considered active manuka, and is and should be labeled a blend.
      china is forcing New zealands MPI to set a new benchmark for testing manuka, so far the DNA testing has not been consistent, so at some point the way manuka is categorized will change, i thing the current testing is working well, and there should be a common grade that all honey companies can use, stop confusing the poor customers and stop the ripoffs selling blends EG 2-5 % of manuka honey in the jar.
      UMF hint that there branding is the only genuine manuka rating, MGS Formley NPA is just as genuine.

  3. Brian peters 27 June 2016 at 4:32 am #

    Yes kristina I have that too and am wondering the same thing it says on the back of the Branwells new Zealand manuka honey that it contains atleast.. 30mg/kg of Methylglyoxal……does anyone know if thats any good?

    • Paul Grey 27 June 2016 at 8:44 am #

      Brian, thank you for your post. Honey with a methylglyoxal (MG/MGO) content of 30 mg/kg would be a blend of manuka honey, insufficiently concentrated to earn a UMF rating. I would consider it equivalent to other non-UMF honeys sold as manuka or manuka blend, that is, a lower grade than UMF 5+ manuka honey which requires minimum MGO 83.

  4. Alan 24 July 2016 at 12:46 am #

    Thank you Paul. The Aldi 350g jar is sold for $10. Aldi also sell other Manuka honey jars, but more expensive. I will check to see if it is properly labelled with Umf/Mgo. Y cu u

  5. Gordana 12 September 2016 at 11:37 am #

    Hi i recently buy Manuka Honey MGO550+. Is that 20+ in other meaning? Thank you. Gordana

    • Paul Grey 12 September 2016 at 1:43 pm #

      Gordana, manuka honey with MGO content of 550 mg/kg would be rated UMF 15+, provided it also contained 460mg/kg of leptosperin. Leptosperin is the marker that confirms genuine manuka honey, identified by recent scientific research. UMF 20+ honey would be much more potent, with an MGO content of at least 826mg/kg.

  6. Lynda 15 September 2016 at 12:00 am #

    So pleased to see this info available to all, as manuka honey is being cheapened by fly by nighters

  7. nikhil yadav 23 September 2016 at 10:11 pm #

    how much quantity of manyka honey is ok to take and as its a strong honey how often can one take it like everyday or once a week . and with what food item can manuka honey be taken for best use ?

  8. Tudor Serban 4 January 2017 at 10:30 am #

    Don’t you get high MGO levels if you just boil any honey (including Manuka)? And isn’t that supposed to be toxic?

    • Paul Grey 4 January 2017 at 11:01 am #

      Tudor Serban, thank you for your post and question.

      I believe the answer is no. You must start with high-grade manuka honey to achieve high MGO levels.

      The reason is that MGO in manuka honey is produced naturally from the high DHA levels in the nectar of manuka flowers. This is one of the things that makes manuka special.

      Analytica Laboratories has published an explanation of the relationship between DHA and MGO. Paraphrasing their material:

      In 2009, scientists at the University of Waikato published research that showed that the methylglyoxal in New Zealand manuka honey originates from the chemical compound dihydroxyacetone (DHA), which is present in the nectar of manuka flowers.

      The methylglyoxal (MG or MGO) in honey is created over time from the interaction of the dihydroxyacetone (DHA) in the honey with various naturally-occurring proteins and amino acids. All other things being equal, a manuka honey sample with a high DHA concentration has the potential to turn into a manuka honey with higher MGO concentration than a comparable manuka honey sample with a low DHA concentration.

      For more information on the chemistry of the DHA to MGO conversion that takes place in manuka honey, you might like to take a look at a recent presentation by Dr. Merilyn Manley- Harris, a leading research scientist in this area.

      In summary, you could warm your high-grade manuka honey and that might give you a temporary lift in the MGO concentration by accelerating the DHA-to-MGO process, but if you heat an ordinary honey chances are that all you’ll end up with is warm ordinary honey.

    • Beagle 4 September 2017 at 10:22 pm #

      Heating honey speeds the maturing process in honey (like a lot of chemical processes)
      fresh Manuka honey will have X amount of METHYLGLYOXAL AKA MGO and X amount of DHA and over a time of 6 months to a year the DHA will drop and the MGO will go up,
      so only after a given time frame is the true potential activity MGO reached, if you heat honey to near 100C (BOIL) then in around 1 hour you would have started to caramelize (AKA HMF) the honey, yes burnt sugars are a carcinogen, but soft drink companies can get away with high HMF because it is not considered a food, so if you have unmatured manuka honey ( unlikely as most honey packers will ensure the honey is matured as if it could reach a 10+ and is currently a 5+ then they can only sell it at its actual rating of 5+)
      then yes boiling it will mature it, but the honey will fail testing for HMF (over 40),as well as the diastase enzyme will be less than 8, and it will taste like burnt honey, do not boil it.

  9. Merilyn Manley-Harris 5 January 2017 at 2:48 pm #

    Hi: the graph of NPA versus MGO that you are displaying appears to be one that I originated using our corrected data from the original Adams et al paper in Carbohydrate Research plus the corrigendum and circulated to some people; it was never actually published as such.
    If you send me an EMail to the address below I can send you the original EXCEL document.
    interestingly if you plot the square of NPA versus MGO you get a straight line apart from the scatter associated with measuring the well-diffusion result for NPA at very low levels.

  10. Gabi m 20 March 2017 at 3:43 pm #

    Hi
    So my honey is airborne and it’s says 70+(pollen)
    I’m assuming is not that great ?
    What is the umf of a 70+ manuka honey ?

    • Paul Grey 20 March 2017 at 4:48 pm #

      Gabi, thanks for posting.

      Airborne is a honey producer that does not seem to distinguish between kanuka and manuka honey, and given the high value of high-grade manuka honey, chances are that Airborne “manuka honey” could be mostly actually kanuka honey instead.

      It is difficult to distinguish the pollens of these two similar-looking types of trees, which is one of the reasons that research scientists concluded that pollen counts should not be used to rate manuka honey.

      This 2014 article from one of the major New Zealand newspapers is an example: Warning On Pollen Test, which quotes a leading UK-based scientist as saying, “Pollen analysis is…not fit for purpose.”

      In contrast, UMF honey is tested for leptosperin, which is a natural compound unique to manuka honey, and for MGO, which measures its potency.

      In summary, there’s no way conversion from a “70+” kanuka/manuka pollen count to a UMF rating, I’m sorry. My best guess, without seeing a lab test result sheet, would be that your jar probably has a high kanuka honey content (rather than manuka), and probably wouldn’t qualify for a UMF rating at all.

  11. Dana 22 March 2017 at 6:12 am #

    Manuka Doctor
    20+
    Yes? No?

    • Paul Grey 25 March 2017 at 5:59 pm #

      Dana, thank you for posting.

      The short answer is that Manuka Doctor “manuka” honeys are most likely low-grade honey blends that wouldn’t qualify for the UMF ratings earned by genuine manuka honeys.

      Manuka Doctor manuka honeys have, I understand, been withdrawn from the market in New Zealand, because the wording on their labels would be illegal under New Zealand regulations.

      Is this the Manuka Doctor 20+ honey you’re looking at?

      The clues that this honey is not high-grade manuka honey are:
      – No UMF registered logo.
      – No disclosure of MGO content.
      – The label uses the terms ‘bio-active’ and ‘activity’ which New Zealand regulations ban from honey labels. This honey label would be illegal in New Zealand.
      – The 20+ rating is stated as being the “total activity” and “peroxide activity,” which both of which are inappropriate measures for manuka activity. One of the distinguishing characteristics of genuine manuka honey is non-peroxide activity, the opposite of Manuka Doctor’s measure.

    • Susan Thomas 28 July 2017 at 5:59 pm #

      Hi, thanks for all this information about Manuka honey. My question is about the UMF logo please. I’ve been buying the comvita 20+ but the UMF logo looks different? Is there an official logo to know I’m buying the highest medical use honey with best antibacterial/antibiotic quality Manuka honey? Thanks

    • Beagle 4 September 2017 at 10:30 pm #

      Paul is correct, 20+ 500 gram for less than Bulk wholesale 20+ MGS 🙁 not likley shame on manuka doctor, giving the good guys a bad name.

  12. Silvia 5 April 2017 at 5:44 am #

    Hello! My dad is taking Manuka Honey with MGO 550+, plus I would like to give him something stronger in the periods that he is under surgical procedures. He had in the past Klebsiella and pseudomonas, also clostrydium dificilae. I was thinking of 700-800-1000 MGO. UMF 24+ is a good idea?
    Thank you for your time and consideration.

    • Beagle 4 September 2017 at 10:39 pm #

      Hello Silvia
      any manuka honey over 15+ has larger quantities of MGO, put it this way if ti was 1000 mgo one teaspoon would equal two teaspoons of 500 mgo, but anything under 15+ in my option, is not worth taking for medical purpose. if you want it sterile then low APC etc medical honey is available.

  13. Amir 8 April 2017 at 11:23 am #

    Hi,

    My child age 10 years has Some Asthama and Cough issues. specially cough continue from 3-4 months. which MGO or UFT is better for him… kindly guide….

    • Frankie 10 April 2017 at 5:18 pm #

      I recently have had a very persistent cough myself. I took Manuka Honey with UMF 10+ or MGO 550+ morning 1 teaspoon and at night 1 teaspoon (you can also take it 3 times a day). I also ate lots of onions, raw and cooked – mix some in a salad or do a sauté with garlic and your vegetable of choice, broccoli, carrots, green beans, etc. You can also make onion soup for your son. Cut up a piece of onion and put it on a tissue and have him breath in the onion deeply throughout the whole day. You can put pieces of cut onion in a bowl by his bed side while he sleeps. His cough will get better within a week or 2 or perhaps even sooner! Good luck.

    • Frankie 10 April 2017 at 5:26 pm #

      Correction – UMF 10+ or GMO 263+

  14. Jhonas 19 June 2017 at 9:15 pm #

    Hey Paul, Really need your help, What is the ideal UMF/MGO rating should the person with acid reflux or ulcer to take? Thank you

  15. Amal 4 July 2017 at 8:06 pm #

    I wanted to buy a Manuka Honey online with MGO 500 but it says 100% grade guaranteed Bioactive Honey, is it genuine honey??

    • Paul Grey 8 July 2017 at 10:25 am #

      If it says ‘Bioactive’ on the label, it would be illegal to sell it in New Zealand. Seems unlikely it’d be genuine New Zealand manuka honey.

  16. Marjory Lum 17 July 2017 at 12:07 pm #

    Yesterday I purchased “Beechworth Honey. Bee Raw … From Leptosperm trees “. $20. No umf/ugo ratings. Is this a genuine Manuka, with all the health benefits?

  17. Miu M 2 September 2017 at 3:31 pm #

    I purchased two units, each of 500g “Australian by Nature” Brand Manuka Honey 16+, MGO 600 (Methylglyoxal 600mg /1 kg) at Brisbane Airport Duty Free Shop before catching an outbound flight to overseas. The package has printed words of “Product of New Zealand”. Is this genuine manuka honey and if so what is its UMF equivalent, please? I am a little confused by its brand name (Australian by Nature) as opposed to the claim of “Product of New Zealand. I would appreciate more information on this brand/product please. Thank you.

    • Beagle 4 September 2017 at 10:47 pm #

      Yes it is Genuine 16+ MGS = 16+ UMF,,, 600mg / 1kg = 600 MGO
      it is packed by watson and son
      ABN is there brand name, and yes it would seem strange to have a new zealand product in a ABN brand, but it is good nz manuka honey.

  18. Jan 5 September 2017 at 11:09 am #

    Interesting posts. I remember when my husband had an open wound in the crook of his elbow that wouldn’t heal. He’d had a skin cancer removed. After 1 week with no sign of improvement I bought medical grade Manuka honey from the chemist. Can’t remember brand or strength. The wound healed in 3 days.

  19. Colin 5 September 2017 at 9:00 pm #

    I’m purchasing Comvita 15+ UMF…so like previous person asked…how often should this be taken ?… one spoonful daily ?..every 2 days.??.. What is sufficient or recommended ?..thank you. Colin.

  20. Rose-Mary Harris 10 October 2017 at 10:57 am #

    I would like to know if possible where I could buy Manuka honey in Adelaide that has a high rating of UMF.
    My friend was buying one from the local health food shops with a rating of 20+ UMF. But hasn’t been able to get it for a while now. They have Manuka Hiney product from NZ but only MGO.
    Her Husband was having the UMF Manuka as he has been on antibiotics for 6 years about some infection in his blood, which causes these pimples to break out over his body. When he was having just a spoon a day of the UMF Manuka Honey these pimples were disappearing to next to nothing and he stopped all antibiotics with such improvements she kept buying the UMF till she couldn’t get it anymore. Now they are only selling MGO Manuka Home and the highest rating is 100, which has no affects whatsoever.
    We would be grateful if we could find where to buy the UMF Manuka Honey if you know where.
    Thank you for any help or advise you could offer us.

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